Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained
All of the chemical symbols for elements into the table that is periodic sense; you can find a tiny selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a name for salt carbonate). Its initial supply may very well be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Much like salt, a quantity of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, additionally the title lends the element its chemical symbol, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its icon Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂswordвЂ™ orвЂ™, and is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of those right right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been centuries that are famous because of its copper reserves. The title ended up being sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin name for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from a language that is indo-european most most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as reference to the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be called after having a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it may be produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people claim that this term is just produced by the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ want cuckold dating site review derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being a historical eye cosmetic. This term is in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations refer to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram had been known as following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This is certainly from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ notably apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th element that is densest within the regular dining dining dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin name was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The initial English title for the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to gold, and as a result of this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest towards the Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding to your planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the origin regarding the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, as a result of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading